The RTI Act was passed in 2005, with an aim to provide effectual access to information for Indian citizens, so that there is accountability and transparency of working of public authority.
To endow with setting out the practical command of right to information to Indian citizens, the Parliament of India introduced The Right to Information Act 2005. Excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir, this act is applicable to all the States and Union Territories of our country. The reason behind this is that the State of Jammu and Kashmir has its individual act which is called Jammu and Kashmir Right to Information Act, 2009.
Under RTI’s provisions, any citizen can request information from the public authority, (instrumentality of state or a body of Government), which is then required to furnish the required information within 30 days or expeditiously. As per the act, it is mandatory for the public authority to computerize assorted records for wider dissemination and pro-actively publishing specific categories of information for the convenience of the citizens. Passed on 15th June 2005, by the Parliament, this law practically came into force on 12th October 2005.
Because of the Official Secrets Act 1923, information disclosure was till then forbidden in India, however the new RTI Act now relaxes the citizens.
Right to Information Act 2005 mandates timely response to citizen requests for government information. It is an initiative taken by Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions to provide a RTI Portal Gateway to the citizens for quick search of information on the details of first Appellate Authorities, PIOs etc. amongst others, besides access to RTI related information / disclosures published on the web by various Public Authorities under the government of India as well as the State Governments.